Literacy is a priority learning area at Kilmore Primary School. We aim to maximise opportunities for all students to achieve their full potential in a safe, happy and supportive learning environment and develop their lifelong love of reading and writing.


Our curriculum is carefully designed and structured to include demonstrating, teaching, guiding, monitoring, evaluating and goal setting along with student choose for engagement and motivation. Students have access to a well resourced school library and modern technology.
We respond to each student’s individual learning needs by developing each child from their point of need through whole class, small group and individual teaching opportunities.


CAFE Reading Program


At KPS we use a classroom student-driven management system called the Daily Five/CAFÉ, which is a structure that helps students to develop the daily habits of reading, writing, and working independently. The Daily Five structure builds a positive learning community and allows teachers to work uninterrupted with individual children, whole group and small-groups of students.

The Five components of Daily Five are:

  • Read to self   Children read to themselves and build their ‘stamina’
  • Read to someone  Children read to and with one another
  • Listen to reading Children listen to pre-recorded stories electronically
  • Work on Writing Children practice writing fluently on topics of choice
  • Word work            Focus on spelling, handwriting, grammar and vocabulary


CAFÉ: is an acronym for Comprehension, Accuracy, Fluency, and Expand Vocabulary. This system includes goal setting with students in individual conferences, posting goals on a whole class board, developing small group instruction based on clusters of students with similar goals, and targeting whole-class instruction based on emerging student needs and fine-tuning one on one with children. Reading strategies are modelled and practiced. The strategies being taught can be sent home via a Parent Pipeline either in the school newsletter or to individual students working on a particular strategy. 

Children are supported to choose ‘good fit’ books. We call this ‘i-pick’

‘P’ Purpose: Why do I want to read?

‘I’ Interest: Does it interest me?

‘C’ Comprehend: Do I understand it?

‘K’ Know: Do I know most of the words?

This year our whole school-wide writing focus is Handwriting with the aim of improving students’ personal styles and workbook presentation.

The two main focus areas being developed are:

  • Learning to write neatly with correct letter formation
  • Setting out our work in the correct way

Other more specific, differentiated handwriting goals relative to year levels and abilities will be addressed each term across the school.

Spelling is taught during the Word Work component of Daily Five. As well as a strong focus on the phonological (how words and letters sound), morphemic (meaning of words and the way words take different spellings when they change form), visual (the way words and letter combinations look) and etymological (the origins of words) we teach words from the Oxford Wordlist (OWL). This provides opportunity to practice the 307 most frequently used words in children’s writing.

If you would like to know more about our Literacy program, please come and see Mrs Renton in the Library, or speak to your student’s classroom teacher.